Who do you listen to?
Sadly due to the lack of EDUCATION of Animal Control Officers, we will never have answers. Just more dead dogs we know nothing about, other than they were labelled WOLVES.
Packs do not work in captive situations. More than pairs is generally asking for trouble. There are exeptions with expert handlers who have good containment, but normally even northern breeds challenge each other.
The bottom line is, PEOPLE should not go uneducated. PEOPLE are the reason these things happen. NEWS should place the responsibility on the PEOPLE and not the animal, who for some reason is suppose to be the perfect child and do exactly what PEOPLE want?
If a horse kicks you in the head, are all horses bad? It's called POOR HORSEMANSHIP.
If a Stallion bites you, do they put him down?
If a dog misbehaves or acts like a Dog who is defending himself or his domain, he is killed. Man's best friend/
There are 2 so called educational facilities we know of so far that fail to get it. One is in Pennsylvania, and they teach people that their Dogs are Wolves. They have mostly low content and no content WDs.
Another problem is so called educational facilities. Sadly they could be very good, but the owners are adamant their WolfDogs are pure Wolves. Anyone with the ability to phenotype can see this , and it is wrong to teach lies. There are 2 of these privately run operations that I'm aware of. One is in Pennsyvania, the other in the Delta state, but the owner keeps harrassing me about exposing her.
The fact that they are being exposed here is because it must stop somewhere. I have no personal issues with these people except that they have put their egos and wallets ahead of the welfare of the animals they claim to love so much.
WOLF PACKS in a captive environment can work with highly knowledgable handlers. Wolf Mountain is an example, but all animals are extreme high content or pure Wolves. It is likely that any animal that does not fit in is removed. I can assume these are selected and raised together from good breeding stock, and not rescued or collected. A good example of why content levels are important in the packs, and human interaction.
What possesses the average person to want a "WOLF"?
It's primarily ego is it not? The same ego that makes a kid want a Black Mombo, or a pet Cayman or Rattle Snake. The difference is of course that the Wolf will indeed bond with it's Aplha/Master if handled correctly. I've never known anyone to roll up and cuddle with a Black Mombo.
So having a Wolf is going to set you apart from being the average pet owner. You are going to be the talk of the town. BAD IDEA.
Your companion , who you love dearly right? has just been jeopardized by your ego.
If he/she should get loose, or perhaps howl too loud, or maybe nip some kid teasing him through a fence, or the neighbor fears for her children's safety because you have the very animal that ate Lil Red Riding Hood?
You may have to fight for his life?
Misinformation has always travelled faster than truths. PEOPLE tend to believe the BS way before they will believe the truth, because it is easier than researching and taking innitiative to learn. PEOPLE are lazy, and here in lies the BIG PROBLEM. That laziness carries over into the entire issue of WOLFDOG caretaking.
What is written here may contradict everything you have heard, and you'll say HUH? My friends Wolf lives in the house and sleeps in the bed?
Not that it isn't possible. It is just highly unlikely your friend has a Wolf or Wolfdog of any significant content. Again the problem started with BS from the breeder.
You don't just open the screen door and let Fido out. You don't just open a can of GOOFY at dinner time and put it in his bowl. You don't tell Wolfie to sit and expect him to do it and stay there until you relieve him. That is of course unless you are someone who doesn't need to be reading this?
Life with a Wolfdog of any significant content is no walk in the park. Alone they are uncontent. They have been known to chew through walls, jump through double pane windows, open doors and latched gates, dig under houses, destroy electrical cables that would kill any human, take down trees, climb 10 ft fences, and jump clean over a 6ft. fence from a standing still position.
Remember that the Wolf survives under conditions in regions that YOU cannot. They kill their food and eat fur, bone, blood, feather, and whatever else goes down. A can of GOOFY does not suffice the nutritional needs of your best bud.
So your pup is now 6 months old, and he is 60 lbs. He doesn't know how to tell you it's potty time, nor does he care to, because Wolves "MARK". They leave their scent in their claimed territory, the same as you protecting your space. They do this by peeing, defacating, and rubbing on things. And soon your house is their house, and you are simply the servant. Unless you are a skilled animal trainer, this is the usual scenario. Most people do not survive the first 2 years before giving up. RESCUES ARE FULL of failed attempts.
CONTAINMENT. Ideally a proper Wolfdog space is 2000 square feet or more. It requires an 8 to 10 ft. fence, with a 3 ft. ground perimeter dig guard. Some people find it necessary to use HOTWIRE at bottom or top depending on the individual animals behaviour. In my opinion, if an animal spends his time trying to escape, he is not a happy animal. It is up to his human to find out why and change it. There are exceptions to the size or area you need, depending on how much time you spend with your Wolf Dog and how much time they are in the pen.
GATES should be lockable and big enough to allow a crate or large object through. There should be 2 gates with a catch area incase of a slip out as you open the inside gate. ESCAPE is the biggest cause of Wolfdog deaths aside from Animal Control murder. A loose Wolfdog is a target for any fool with a gun, and that includes law enforcement. DO NOT take chances.
Seperation anxiety is highly probable with a single Wolfdog. If you think Wolfie will patiently await your return from your 8 hour shift every day, guess again. SOLUTION, is often a kennel mate. Male/ Female pairs work well. Male/Male pairs often work OK. Female/Female pairs seldom work.
This does in no way mean breeding pairs. Please Spay and Neuter as Bob Barker always said. Accidental litters of these animals are generally doomed. Breeding Wolfdogs properly requires KNOWLEDGE.
It is my opinion that Wolfdogs are happier living outside. Depending where you are, shelter is another important ingredient in your contained area. Remember they like to dig, and generally will prefer to dig under the doghouse rather than lay in it. I suggest raising it up safely to allow them to go under without digging much. Providing them with their needs prevents damage in many cases. Again these are my opinions, and nothing is set in stone. All animals are different, and there are hundreds of reasons for their differences.
Generally these animals do better in cooler climates. They require shaded areas, and drink lots of water. They also like to play in water. Here we have livestock tanks. These tanks must be monitored and cleaned every few days to prevent Mosquitos, and water born bacterias.
They require monthly worm/ heartworm medications, and WDs get fleas in areas where fleas exist., ticks where ticks exist.
HOW TO IDENTIFY
Wolfdogs do not have signs on them that say WD. It is often difficult to phenotype animals when you are a beginner Wolfdog enthusiast. I have seen Wolfdogs that look like Labs. However that is not a common thing , and certainly not why most people seek out this mixed breed.
Puppies with distinct white facial markings are Huskies, Malamutes. Paws are another clue if you know the difference. Wolfdogs will have hazy grey/blue eyes at birth until they are sometimes a few weeks old. Distinct blue eyes are Husky.
Animals of any significant Wolf content will mostly have gold/ yellow/ amber eyes that have an almont shape and are black lined.
A NC breeder claims 97% , that the sire is pure, and the mother is 93%, and then they are whelped in January??? (RED FLAG)
Wolves and high content Wolfdogs do not breed until January or February. The gestation period is 2 months.
March - April pups is another good clue.
Wolves and high content WDs don't bark like dogs. Exposed to dogs they can learn to bark, however it is more of a yip and will not be as repetative. Mid contents and lower will bark.
Curled tails are another indication of lower content Husky, Malamute , or other mixes. A wolf can hold its tail at various elevations in excitement, but will never curl it over it's back, and will be straight down in most relaxed instances.
This in no way is intended to discourage you from a Low Content animal, as many are the absolute reason that people think they are bonding so well with their WOLF dog :(
My issues with breeders of Low content WDs are the lies and misrepresentation and lack of care , knowledge, or experience in quality breeding. The fact that they refer to them as Wolves is the sales tactic. Then the buyer begins their journey into WolfDogdom totally mislead.
Wolfdogs and northern breeds have been known to have certain issues with SOY based foods. It is important never to feed Soy of any type or capacity to Wolfdogs. There are a variety of Soy & Gluten free dry dog foods you can feed. Personally I find that Wolfdogs require different things than dogs and have found that raw meat is the only answer. Fresh Chicken, bone and all, Deer parts , Bear meat, Beaver, Turkey, Pheasant, Fish. All available from various places depending what part of the country you live.
ARE YOU SEEKING ADVICE ON TRAINING?
2 F1 99s have an F2 98
2 F2 98s have an F3 96
2F3 96s have an F4 92
2 F4 92s have an F5 84
so the F number can also be misleadin
If you have no pure Wolf (verified) you have no F1.
Wolf hunters in North America practically wiped out the varioua species in all parts, making Wolves endangered. As government always does, re-introduction programs have yeilded numerous other issues due to lack of forsight, and genetic malignment. Animals turned loose in various parts of North America are not the same strain as the originals that existed. As such, nature steps in to cure human error, and tragic results are often upon us.